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2021 National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) Freight Changes

Posted by Jarrett on Jul 6, 2021 12:30:00 PM


These changes are coming from the latest NMFTA Supplement-2021-2

NMFTA EMAIL BANNER 8-7-21-01

Packaging Changes

Item (Rule) 235, Specifications for Bundles, Coils, Reels or Rolls, is amended as follows:

Bundles, coils or rolls must be banded, strapped, wrapped or otherwise protected or secured in a manner that will permit handling into or out of vehicles as units and withstand the normal rigors of the less-than-truckload environment. Where necessary to afford adequate protection against damage, article(s) must be protected by packing forms or other packaging materials. When tendered on lift truck skids, pallets or platforms, bundles, coils or rolls must be securely fastened to and must not overhang the lift truck skid, pallet or platform deck.

Reels must have a core and two ends or heads of equal size with a diameter of 10 inches or more. When tendered on lift truck skids, pallets or platforms, reels must be securely fastened to the lift truck skid, pallet or platform, which must be of sufficient design, size and strength to support the size and weight of the reel and the article wound thereon. Except where more specifically provided in individual items, the last layer of the article must be lagged or wrapped between the flanges of the ends or heads with packaging material extending full width of the wound article and of sufficient strength to withstand the normal rigors of the less-than-truckload environment.

Read the full NMFTA report

Item (Rule) 240, Specifications for Carboys, is amended as follows:

Carboys are cylindrical or rectangular containers made of glass or plastic, ranging in volume from 19 to 60 liters (5 to 16 gallons). Carboys may or may not have a spigot or valve for dispensing the contents.

Each carboy must be in a box or crate. Necks of carboys may project through an opening in the top of the box or crate. Carboys completely enclosed in a box must have the sides of the box marked with directional arrows and other applicable precautionary markings as specified in Item 682. Glass carboys in crates or wood boxes must have packing forms or other packaging materials necessary to provide sufficient cushioning and protection to withstand the normal rigors of the less-than-truckload environment. Carboys used for the transportation of hazardous materials must be in conformance with the applicable requirements of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).

Read the full NMFTA report

 

Item (Rule) 220, Definition of or Specifications for Boxes—General, is amended as follows:

Boxes are containers with solid or closely fitted sides, ends, bottoms and tops. They must be made of wood, see Note 1, metal, plastic, see Note 2, or fiberboard, see Item 222, and must completely enclose their contents. Unless otherwise provided in individual items, boxes must be securely closed. The term does not include cylindrical, conical or taper-sided containers, which are specifically defined as: Drums, Pails or Tubes.

Note 1—No Change. Pressed wood chips, wafers or particle-type boards may be used in construction of wooden boxes. Boxes must be constructed so as to protect contents on the sides, ends, top and bottom, and in such manner that the box containing its contents may be taken into or out of the vehicle. Boxes must be designed and constructed with transverse cross-members at base, as necessary, to provide sufficient strength to protect the underside of the article packed therein against damage by mechanical handling equipment.

Note 2—No Change. Plastic boxes constructed of high-density polyethylene, self-supporting, rigid construction, not extruded nor expanded, must be molded by either injection molding, blow molding, rotational molding or thermal molding process. Tops or covers must be securely affixed.

Read the full NMFTA report

 

Item (Rule) 680, Packing or Packaging—General, is amended as follows:

Sec. 1. (a) The separate descriptions of articles provide the minimum, acceptable packaging requirements, see Note 1. Numbered packages or other packaging provisions (other than 'DOT Specification Number' packages, for which, see DOT's hazardous materials regulations) are authorized for use only when item descriptions contain reference thereto. The definitions of or specifications for packaging requirements are provided in: (1) Items 200 through 299, (2) numbered packages and (3) Note references. The minimum requirements notwithstanding, articles must be tendered for shipment in such a manner as to withstand the normal rigors of the less-than-truckload environment. Whether or not part of the specific requirements, protective packing forms or other packaging materials must be used where necessary to afford adequate protection against damage to the articles being shipped. Articles or articles and necessary interior packing forms must reasonably occupy the full cubic capacity of the outer shipping container, see Notes 2(a), 3 and 4. Articles unitized or secured on lift truck skids, pallets or platforms must reasonably occupy the full surface area of the lift truck skid, pallet or platform, see Note 2(b) and (c).

Notes 1 and 2No Change.

Note 1 - The term 'packaging requirements' as used in this Classification or in tariffs governed thereby means the provisions which specify: (1) the kinds or specifications of the containers, packages or other manner in which the articles shall be packed or protected for shipment, and (2) how the articles shall be packed or protected by or within such containers, packages or other manner.

Note 2 - (a) Reasonable Occupancy of Shipping Container. Unless otherwise provided, commodities in shipping containers (not containers within containers) shall be deemed to be in compliance when filled to not less than 65 percent of the capacity of such containers. When filled to less than 65 percent of capacity, the gross weight of the container and its contents will be subject to the class applicable to either the container or its contents, whichever is higher.

(b) Reasonable Occupancy of Lift Truck Skid, Pallet or Platform Deck. Unless otherwise provided, and except as permitted in paragraph (c), commodities unitized or secured on lift truck skids, pallets or platforms shall be deemed to be in compliance when occupying not less than 65 percent of the full surface area (deck) of the lift truck skid, pallet or platform. The surface area occupied shall be determined by multiplying the greatest straight-line dimensions of length and width of the commodity(ies). Banding, strapping, wrapping or other materials used for securement to the lift truck skid, pallet or platform will not be considered in the determination of occupancy. When less than 65 percent of the surface area of the lift truck skid, pallet or platform is occupied, the gross weight of the lift truck skid, pallet or platform and the commodity(ies) unitized or secured thereon will be subject to the class applicable to either the lift truck skid, pallet or platform or the commodity(ies), whichever is higher.

Any part of the commodity(ies) shipped that may overhang the lift truck skid, pallet or platform will not be used in determining occupancy of the surface area, but will be used in the computation of density. (See Item 110, Sec. 8-8(d).)

(c) Maximum Allowable Dimensions of Lift Truck Skids, Pallets or Platforms for 'Potentially Unstable Commodities.' For the purpose of this rule, commodities having an overall height 1.5 times or more their shortest base dimension shall be considered potentially unstable. For such commodities, the lift truck skid, pallet or platform may be of sufficient size to provide adequate stability. The maximum allowable dimensions of the lift truck skid, pallet or platform are determined using the following formulas.

The Maximum Allowable Length is the larger result of the following calculations:

Maximum Allowable Length (in) = Commodity's(ies') Height (in) x 0.67

OR

Maximum Allowable Length (in) = Commodity's(ies') Length (in) + 12 (in)

The Maximum Allowable Width is the larger result of the following calculations:

Maximum Allowable Width (in) = Commodity's(ies') Height (in) x 0.67

OR

Maximum Allowable Width (in) = Commodity's(ies') Width (in) + 12 (in)

If the lift truck skid, pallet or platform exceeds the maximum allowable length or width, as calculated above, the gross weight of the handling unit will be subject to the class applicable to either the lift truck skid, pallet or platform or the commodity(ies) being shipped, whichever is higher.

Note 3—Unless otherwise provided, articles tendered on reels shall be deemed to be in compliance when the reel is filled to not less than 65 percent of capacity. When filled to less than 65 percent of capacity, the gross weight of the reel and its contents will be subject to the class applicable to either the reel or its contents, whichever is higher.

Note 4— Unless otherwise provided and unless subject to classes based on density, liquid, powdered or granular commodities or materials packaged in rigid or semirigid primary containers in an authorized outer shipping container must occupy at least 65 percent of the primary container's cubic capacity. When filled to less than 65 percent of the primary container's cubic capacity, the gross weight of the commodity as packaged for shipment will be subject to the class applicable to either the primary container or its contents, whichever is higher. Does not apply when primary inner containers are in intermediate inner containers and then placed in an outer shipping container.

Secs. 1. (b)-16. No Change.

Freight that Must be Floor-Loaded

NEW-Sec. 17. Freight that cannot be safely top-loaded or decked for transport must be so marked on at least two adjacent sides of the handling unit. Such freight may include but is not limited to: hazardous materials; top-heavy or unstable handling units; liquid or semi-liquid products in drums or pails; handling units consisting of articles in bags (see Item 680, Sec. 7(b)(2)); or freight in intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) that lack an integral stacking alignment or securing design feature (see Item 280).

Read the full NMFTA report

 

Item (Rule) 250, Definition of or Specifications for Cylinders, is amended as follows:

Cylinders are used for shipping materials under pressure and must be constructed in conformance with the applicable requirements of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Materials authorized in this Classification to be shipped in steel cylinders will also be accepted in cylinders of other construction, provided that such materials are specifically authorized in the DOT’s regulations or by DOT special permit to be shipped in such cylinders. Cylinders tendered for shipment on lift truck skids, pallets or platforms must be secured to the lift truck skid, pallet or platform in a manner to withstand the normal rigors of the less-than-truckload environment. Cylinders oriented horizontally on lift truck skids, pallets or platforms must not overhang the lift truck skid, pallet or platform deck.

Package 279

Cancel; no further application.

Read the full NMFTA report

 

Commodity Changes

MACHINERY GROUP: subject to item 114000

133300 Machinery or Machines, NOI, or Machinery or Machine Parts, NOI:

Sub 1 In boxes, crates or Packages 107, 1082 or 2107, subject to Item

170 and having a density in pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 2--Less than 5.................................................................................................... 250

Sub 3--5 but less than 10 ........................................................................................ 125

Sub 4--10 but less than 15 ........................................................................................ 85

Sub 5--15 or greater .................................................................................................. 65

Sub 6 On skids or in packages other than boxes, crates or Packages

107, 1082 or 2107, subject to Item 170 and having a density

in pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 7--Less than 5.................................................................................................... 400

Sub 8--5 but less than 10 ........................................................................................ 175

Sub 9--10 but less than 15 ...................................................................................... 100

Sub 10--15 or greater .................................................................................................. 77.5

Read the full NMFTA report

 

FOODSTUFFS GROUP: subject to item 72000

72310 Cereals, viz.:

(NEW) Baby Cereals;

Cereals, NOI, ready-to-eat, including Granola, see Note, item 72311;

Cereals, NOI, requiring further cooking or heating (Hot Cereals);

Oatmeal;

In bags, boxes, drums or Packages 128, 2231, 2465, 2470 or 2493,

subject to Item 170 and having a density in pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 1--Less than 8.............................................................................................. 150

Sub 2--8 but less than 12 .................................................................................. 100

Sub 3--12 or greater ............................................................................................ 70

72311 NOTE—The term ‘ready-to-eat cereals’ refers to prepared cereals ready for

(NEW) human consumption without further cooking or heating.

73227 Foodstuffs, other than frozen, Group I, viz.:

Vegetables, canned or preserved, NOI, other than dried or

evaporated, see Note, item 73235, etc;

[Other Articles Listed—No Change.]

In boxes, crates, drums or Packages 1361, 2463, 2498, 2499

or 2500 ................................................................................... No Change

73229 NOTE—No Change.

73233 NOTE—No Change.

73235 NOTE—Also applies on:

Read the full NMFTA report

 

AUTOMOBILE PARTS GROUP: subject to item 17800

18260 Body Parts; Parts; or Trim; viz.:

Body Parts, NOI, see Notes, items 18262, 18265 and 18266;

Shields, Guards or Flaps, mud or fender;

[Other Articles Listed—No Change.]

In packages, subject to Item 170 and having a

density in pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 1 Less than 1.............................................................................................. 400

Sub 2--1 but less than 2 .................................................................................... 300

Sub 3--2 but less than 4 .................................................................................... 250

Sub 4--4 but less than 6 .................................................................................... 175

Sub 5--6 but less than 8 .................................................................................... 125

Sub 6--8 but less than 10 .................................................................................. 100

Sub 7--10 but less than 12 .................................................................................. 92.5

Sub 8--12 but less than 15 .................................................................................. 85

Sub 9--15 but less than 22.5 ............................................................................... 70

Sub 10--22.5 but less than 30 ............................................................................... 65

Sub 11--30 or greater ............................................................................................ 60

18262 NOTE—No Change.

18265 NOTE—No Change.

18266 NOTE—No Change.

18267 NOTE—No Change.

18268 NOTE—No Change.

19480 Shields, Guards or Flaps, mud or fender, other than fender or wheel

well side extensions, with or without metal fittings for attachment, etc .......................................................................... Cancel; see item 18260 

Read the full NMFTA report

 

ABRASIVES GROUP: subject to item 1010

1060 Belts, abrasive, in boxes, subject to Item 170 and having a density in

pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 1 Less than 1.......................................................................................................... 400

Sub 2--1 but less than 2 ................................................................................................ 300

Sub 3--2 but less than 4 ................................................................................................ 250

Sub 4--4 but less than 6 ................................................................................................ 175

Sub 5--6 but less than 8 ................................................................................................ 125

Sub 6--8 but less than 10 .............................................................................................. 100

Sub 7--10 but less than 12 .............................................................................................. 92.5

Sub 8--12 but less than 15 .............................................................................................. 85

Sub 9--15 but less than 22.5 ........................................................................................... 70

Sub 10--22.5 but less than 30 ........................................................................................... 65

Sub 11--30 or greater ........................................................................................................ 60

Read the full NMFTA report

 

MACHINERY GROUP: subject to item 114000

Ice Making or Refrigerating Machinery or Machines: subject to item 123200

123600 Refrigeration Units (Reefer Units), truck, trailer or marine container,

with or without heating apparatus, in boxes or crates:

Sub 1 Greatest dimension exceeding 96 inches, subject to Item 170 and

having a density in pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 2--Less than 8.............................................................................................. 200

Sub 3--8 but less than 15 .................................................................................. 100

Sub 4--15 or greater ............................................................................................ 77.5

Sub 5 Greatest dimension not exceeding 96 inches, subject to Item 170

and having a density in pounds per cubic foot of:

Sub 6--Less than 8.............................................................................................. 175

Sub 7--8 but less than 15 .................................................................................... 92.5

Sub 8--15 or greater ............................................................................................ 70

123601 NOTE—Cancel; no further application.

Read the full NMFTA report

 

CHEMICALS GROUP: subject to item 42600

42603 NOTE—No Change.

44155 Corrosive Materials, NOI, see Note, item 44156, in U.S. DOT-

authorized packaging:

Sub 1 In Packing Group I .............................................................................................. 92.5 High risk danger

Sub 2 In Packing Group II ............................................................................................. 85 Moderate risk

Sub 3 In Packing Group III ............................................................................................ 70 Low risk

44156 NOTE—No Change.

44500 Flammable Liquids, NOI; or Combustible Liquids in bulk containers with a

maximum capacity greater than 119 gallons, NOI; see Note, item

44501, in U.S. DOT-authorized packaging:

Sub 1 In Packing Group I ............................................................................................ 100 High risk

Sub 2 In Packing Group II ............................................................................................. 92.5 Moderate risk

Sub 3 In Packing Group III ............................................................................................ 85 Low risk

44501 NOTE—No Change.

44515 Flammable Solid, Spontaneously Combustible or Dangerous When Wet

Materials, NOI, see Note, item 44516, in U.S. DOT-authorized

packaging:

Sub 1 Offered for transportation as a Hazard Class 4, Division 4.3:

Sub 2 In Packing Group I ...................................................................................... 110

Sub 3 In Packing Group II ..................................................................................... 100

Sub 4 In Packing Group III ...................................................................................... 92.5

Sub 5 Offered for transportation as a Hazard Class 4, Division 4.2:

Sub 6 In Packing Group I ...................................................................................... 150

Sub 7 In Packing Group II ....................................................................................... 92.5

Sub 8 In Packing Group III ...................................................................................... 85

Sub 9 Offered for transportation as a Hazard Class 4, Division 4.1:

Sub 10 In Packing Group I ...................................................................................... 125

Sub 11 In Packing Group II ....................................................................................... 85

Sub 12 In Packing Group III ...................................................................................... 77.5

45467 Oxidizers, NOI, see Note, item 45468, in U.S. DOT-authorized

packaging:

Sub 1 In Packing Group I ............................................................................................ 125

Sub 2 In Packing Group II ........................................................................................... 100

Sub 3 In Packing Group III ............................................................................................ 85

45468 NOTE—No Change.

45615 Poisonous or Toxic Materials, see Note, item 45616, in U.S. DOT-authorized

packaging:

Sub 1 In Packing Group I:

Sub 2 Poisonous by inhalation ............................................................................. 150

Sub 3 Other than poisonous by inhalation......................................................... 125

Sub 4 In Packing Group II ............................................................................................. 85

Sub 5 In Packing Group III ............................................................................................ 70

45616 NOTE—No Change.

Read the full NMFTA report 

 

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